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Siddur The Siddur is the Jewish prayer book. It contains a set order of daily prayers and blessings that one should recite on week days and Sabbath. The Siddur does not include prayers and blessings for special holidays which are found in the Machzor. Siddur The Siddur is among the most widely-circulated and best-known of Jewish books, and is the first book a religious Jew would learn to read.

There are many types of Siddurim available, but they all share a similar underlying structure. While the roots of Jewish prayers can be found in the Hebrew Bible, the fundamentals of the synagogue service as we know it today were initially described in the rabbinic literature of the first centuries of the common era. The Siddur and the Mahzor were created only during the period of the Geonim, the heads of rabbinic academies in Babylonia in the early Middle Ages.

Localized versions of the Siddur emerged among Jewish communities around the world. The Siddur includes the blessing that are said during the events of the Jewish life cycle, and this is why the Siddur is sometimes refereed to as the Book of Life. The daily prayers Observant Jews pray in formal prayer services three times a day, every day corresponding to the sacrifices once offered at the Temple.

In each case, one prayer - the Shemoneh Esrei also known as the Amidah - is recited. Sometimes called the Amidah "standing" , the prayer is recited silently while facing the Aron Kodesh the ark that houses the Torah scrolls. Since it begins in the evening, the first set of prayers concern candle lighting and welcoming the Shabbat.



This article discusses how some of these prayers evolved, and how the siddur, as we know it today has developed. A separate article, Jewish services , discusses the prayers that appear in the siddur, and when they are said. A set of eighteen currently nineteen blessings called the Shemoneh Esreh or the Amidah Hebrew , "standing [prayer]" , is traditionally ascribed to the Great Assembly in the time of Ezra , at the end of the Biblical period. The name Shemoneh Esreh, literally "eighteen", is an historical anachronism, since it now contains nineteen blessings. It was only near the end of the Second Temple period that the eighteen prayers of the weekday Amidah became standardized. Even at that time their precise wording and order was not yet fixed, and varied from locale to locale. Many modern scholars believe that parts of the Amidah came from the Hebrew apocryphal work Ben Sira.


Shabbat Service Audio

This is the first siddur in which the beliefs and theology of Conservative Judaism were fully made explicit. It contains services for weekdays, Shabbat and Jewish festivals. It is egalitarian in usage, e. While very traditional when compared to the prayerbooks of Reform Judaism , this siddur does contain a number of notable departures from the text used in Orthodox Judaism.


Conservative Sample Pages

The prayerbook contains prayers for weekdays, Sabbath and the Jewish Holidays, with appropriate additions for Israel Independence Day and Holocaust Memorial Day, all in an easy-to-follow format. The text in Siddur Sim Shalom is nearly the same as that of the Orthodox siddur, but the references to the Temple and animal sacrifices have been changed, so that the text recalls the glory of the ancient Temple service, yet stresses that in our day it is ethical living, following the will of God, and repentance that bring salvation, not animal sacrifice. The extensive introduction in Siddur Sim Shalom presents the themes and structure of the service, and explains the modifications and additions which have been introduced in the Hebrew and English texts, and the rationale behind them. Changes in Siddur Sim Shalom One of the most significant change in "Siddur Sim Shalom" was the addition of an alternative version of the Amidah, the central prayer in the Jewish liturgy. In the traditional text, the first paragraph refers to the God of the patriarchs - Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

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