Cell Mol Biol Noisy-le-grand. Susceptibility of herpes simplex virus type 1 to monoterpenes thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene and essential oils of Sinapis arvensis L. In this study, monoterpenes of thymol, carvacrol, p-cymene and essential oils from Sinapis arvensis L. The antiviral activity of three monoterpenes thymol, carvacrol and p-cymene and three essential oils were evaluated by cytotoxicity assay, direct plaque test. In addition, the modes of antiviral action of these compounds were investigated during the viral infection cycle. Results showed that the inhibitory concentrations IC50 were determined at 0.
|Published (Last):||2 March 2004|
|PDF File Size:||6.65 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||3.44 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Objectives: Lallemantia royleana Benth. Lamiaceae is a medicinal plant used in Iranian traditional and folklore medicine in the treatment of various nervous, hepatic, and renal diseases. In the present study, whole seeds of the herb were prepared and evaluated for hypolipidemic activities using an animal model. Materials and Methods: Animals were fed normal diets or diets supplemented with cholesterol 0.
Conclusion: Our results showed that L. Key Words: Lallemantia royleana Lamiaceae, Iranian Traditional Medicine, Cholesterol, Hypercholesterolemia Introduction Finding natural, safe, and effective treatments for dyslipidemia and hyperlipidemia is one of the major quests of medical scientists. Medicinal, functional, and nutraceutical herbs have been used as food and for medicinal purposes for centuries.
Research interests have focused on various herbs that possess hypolipidemic and hypocholesterolemic properties that may be useful for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases Kanakavalli et al. Dragon head or Lallemantia royleana Benth.
Lallemantia species can be used for a variety of purposes including lightening, varnish, painting, food, and medicine. Seeds of L. When moistened with water, the seeds become coated with translucent and voluminous mucilage and hydrocolloids.
Its mucilage can be used for application in food and drink industries such as ice cream and natural gel making Bahramparvar et al. Seeds powder have been used in some southern parts of Iran as a tonic medication and a remedy for psychotic diseases Safa et al.
The seeds have been added to a variety of Persian foods, drinks, and sherbets for flavoring, cooling, and soothing. A few reports on the analysis of the seeds of L.
These species contain some similar biologically active compounds such as polysaccharides, soluble fibers and mucilages, fixed oils, proteins, and essential oils Samadi et al. Recently, antibacterial activities of L.
In some regions of Iran, it is claimed to be effective against hyperlipidemia. The present study was carried out in an attempt to investigate the potential hypolipidemic effects of L. Materials and Methods Plant material The seeds of L. A voucher herbarium specimen was prepared for necessary systematic identification. The name of L. Diet and treatment Twenty five male New Zealand white rabbits weighing about 1. Experimental procedure The rabbits were weighed weekly. Blood samples from a marginal ear vein were taken at 0, 6, and 12 weeks after 12 h of fasting to monitor any changes in the total cholesterol, triglyceride TG , and lipoprotein cholesterol.
Serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were determined using commercially available kits Pars Azmoon, Tehran, Iran. The effects of L. Table 1 Serum lipid profiles in cholesterol fed rabbits compare with normal control Group.
Antioxidant Activity of Lallemantia royleana (Benth.) Seed Extract
Abstract Background Balangu Lallemantia royleana belongs to Lamiaceae and is a medicine used in Iranian traditional and folklore medicine in the treatment of various nervous, hepatic, and renal diseases. Methods In this study, the influence of molecular weight MW was measured on antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Balangu seed gum fractions. Firstly, Balangu seed gum was fractionated by precipitation method using ethanol on the basis of MW. Monosaccharide composition was measured by GC-MS. The antibacterial activities were screened against two Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus and two Gram-negative bacteria Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli by minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentration MIC and MBC , disc, and well diffusion method. Balangu and its fractions were composed of galactose, glucose, arabinose, rhamnose, and xylose.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Objectives: Lallemantia royleana Benth. Lamiaceae is a medicinal plant used in Iranian traditional and folklore medicine in the treatment of various nervous, hepatic, and renal diseases. In the present study, whole seeds of the herb were prepared and evaluated for hypolipidemic activities using an animal model.