Pilots who have FM homing equipment onboard may use that to orient themselves during the initial contact, without having to However, planned formations may require modification for helicopters lperations land in restrictive areas. Pathfinder Operations FM 57 38 He may shorten the transmissions when no confusion is likely to occur. Visual aids for night navigation emit illumination. No two landing areas and situations are identical.

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Daijas Snow can be packed to reduce the amount of blowing snow and removed to reveal hazards. When using any nylon air item, ensure that once the load is rigged, cotton buffers are in place and there is no nylon-to-nylon or nylon-to-metal contact. This flight course runs parallel to the land heading in the direction of landing. The sameness of the terrain makes it easier for a pilot to become less attentive to his surroundings, and it may be necessary to mark and man release points.

Special care should be taken to keep sand out of the eyes, ears, nose, and mouth. UH Black Hawk and its cargo hooks. It also provides rigging instructions.

The problems presented by ice, snow, or rain are incorporated into pathfinder mission planning. This means they make sure aircraft land at specific points within the extraction site where ground security can cover them.

When the pathfinder gets to the objective site, he may decide that it is not suitable, as regards the coordinated landing formation, heading, drop altitude, or the ground site itself. The pathfinder ensures that all pathfinder activities are coordinated with all agencies or units involved and that information is disseminated to all pathfinders involved in the operation.

This flight course runs parallel to the land heading, in opertions direction opposite of landing. Far rally points, several kilometers from the LZ or DZ, are oerations to facilitate survival, evasion, resistance, and escape operations.

Predicting wind conditions is difficult. Navigation aids are used to help aviators locate and identify an exact area. A maximum performance lift-off is preferred for skid-equipped helicopters.

In daytime, pathfinders mark touchdown points so the pilot can find a clear and operatiosn landing area. The aircraft can accumulate ice up to three-quarters of an inch thick during flight in temperatures and altitudes where icing conditions exist. Helicopters can deliver more personnel and equipment in a better state of operational readiness than any other means. The pilot must at least fly the final approach leg, regardless of the type approach Table Advisory Service For accuracy and security, parachute jumps are made at the lowest practical altitude.

This date will be used to determine the date of the next inspection. Pathfinder Operations FM 57 38 When the size of the site and terrain conditions permit, the pilot may consider running lift-offs and landings. When helicopters are inbound, all lights should be hooded or turned upside down for security until the last practical moment. Example completed DA Form R.

He evaluates the coordinated landing formation, heading, drop altitude, and the ground site itself. After establishing two-way communications, the controller may abbreviate call signs.

In the defense, reinforcements and reserves can be moved rapidly by helicopter. The pathfinders may be required to recommend the exact location of DZS or LZs, the time schedule, the landing formations, and the techniques to be employed. This allows the landing site party to employ all usable areas on the site. A clear, decisive tone of voice indicates control of the situation.

This will offer them some protection should the aircraft crash. The pathfinder plots the course correction and continues with the standard transmission. However, every air assault operation requires positive aircraft control. He also provides advisories for his airspace, as needed. The operaions aircraft 1 and the arriving aircraft 2 both taxi off the runway before the departing aircraft 3 begins the takeoff run D, Figurepage Other than those times, desert winds can drive dense clouds of dust and sand with hurricane force.

This depends on the type of helicopter. Use a canvas insert when carrying items small enough to slip through the netting.



After establishing two-way communications, the controller may abbreviate call signs. To succeed, an operation must have security. Enemy presence precludes pathfinder use of nondirectional beacons, and visibility must be such that pilots can proceed visually when approaching an LZ and when landing. However, planned formations may require modification for helicopters to land in restrictive areas. The assigned, qualified, and trained pathfinder must ensure that the nonqualified personnel assigned to his unit team are adequately trained before they attempt cm mission.


Pathfinder Operations - Fm 57-38

Fedal The grab hooks for the two sets look alike, but they are not interchangeable because they have different ratings. This depends on the type of helicopter. He supervises it and, at any time, may supervise the GTA radio operator. The use of goggles, ear plugs, and cloth masks provide adequate protection for facial areas. Upon arrival in the area, pathfindeg pathfinder leader selects the exact location of the CC.


Fm 3-21.38 (Fm 57-38)- 1- Pathinder Operations_october_2002

Voodookasa The signalman directs the aircraft to set the load on the ground, then gives the release signal. Do not drop personnel or equipment. Otherwise, the pilot of the incoming craft will experience that turbulence and lose lift. When not performing duties for supported units, pathfinders with equipment stay near and in communication with the supported ground unit command post. The crew should work from a crouched position or from their hands and knees. On the approach, the pilot avoids a high rate of descent.

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