CUSTANCE WITHOUT FORM AND VOID PDF

It is a rare thing nowadays to find in a scholarly work on Genesis any acknowledgment of the fact that there is evidence of a discontinuity between the first two verses of Chapter One and that this was ever recognized by commentators until modern Geology arose to challenge the Mosaic cosmogony. The usual view is that when geologists "proved" the earth to be billions of year sold, conservative biblical students suddenly dis- covered a way of salvaging the Mosaic account by introducing a gap of unknown duration between these two verses. This is supposed to have solved the problem of time by an expeditious interpretation previously unrecognized. This convenient little device was attrib- uted by many to Chalmers of the middle of the last century, and popularized among "fundamentalists" by Scofield in the first quarter of the present century. Both the impetus which brought it to general notice and the company it kept in its heyday combined to make it doubly suspected among conservative scholars and totally ignored by liberal ones. However, D.

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Since almost all English translations render it the first way, one might be tempted to think that the answer is obvious, straightforward, and free from any ambiguity.

What is termed the Gap Theory actually consists of two related but distinct views. The first, which forms the bulk of the book, is whether the Hebrew verb in Gen. There are a couple of claims that are often cited that do a lot of rhetorical work for critics of this view which, upon examination, are shown to be false.

One is the idea that no Hebrew scholar supports or even gives any serious thought to this view. In response, we are introduced to several recognized and respected Hebraists who support the Gap Theory either in its entirety for example, E. Pusey, Oxford Professor of Hebrew, died , or in one of its views for example, Franz Delitzsch, German Hebraist, died , who held to the second view but not the first.

Another claim is that the Gap Theory is recent. This is supposed to have solved the problem of time by an expeditious interpretation previously unrecognized. This convenient little device was attributed by many to Thomas Chalmers in the middle of the 19th century. Rather than being recent, this is an ancient view, long antedating modern geological views. Victor d. A good portion of the book is devoted to a two-part linguistic argument.

If the word order is inverted, such that the subject precedes the verb, this is a device that serves the purpose of communicating a pluperfect tense, which is used to describe an action that had already finished when another action happened. In fact, inverting the word order is the only way that Hebrew can do this. And this inverted word order is just what we find in Gen. What matters is reasons, not numbers. He would ask whether those involved in modern translations are even aware of the background information that is now available on the matter, or whether for some authorities prejudice could possibly play a part, as they would have associated the alternative rendering with Fundamentalism, the movement which popularized it, and simply dismissed the subject as unworthy of serious study.

He notes that the Septuagint translators made an odd exception in their translation from Hebrew into Greek in that only in Gen. The suggestion is made that the translators felt that such a rendering, though not being entirely precise, would nevertheless be appropriate because it would allow them to present a cosmogony which avoided conflict with that held by the Greeks whereby creation began with a Chaos rather than a Cosmos.

Such a conflict would have appeared had they translated Gen.

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Arthur Custance

Verses likewise constitute a narrative complete in itself. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Whatever points of disagreement there may be in this particular. It is worth exploring all the strands we have, for in one way or another they each tend to contribute light to the total picture.

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ARTHUR C.CUSTANCE WITHOUT FORM AND VOID PDF

Since almost all English translations render it the first way, one might be tempted to think that the answer is obvious, straightforward, and free from any ambiguity. What is termed the Gap Theory actually consists of two related but distinct views. The first, which forms the bulk of the book, is whether the Hebrew verb in Gen. There are a couple of claims that are often cited that do a lot of rhetorical work for critics of this view which, upon examination, are shown to be false. One is the idea that no Hebrew scholar supports or even gives any serious thought to this view.

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Without Form and Void: A Study of the Meaning of Genesis 1:2

He received his early education there and moved to Canada at age He attended the University of Toronto where he obtained B. Custance obtained a Ph. In his scientific career, Custance "developed and designed respirator mask, mask-sizing meter, anthropometric facial contour measuring device. Custance asserts that the sin nature or the propensity to sin in Hebraic writings the yetzer hara is passed through the male line genetically, starting from the first Adam, thus allowing a full human genetic complement through Mary.

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