CHOAN SENG SONG PDF

He received his Ph. Currently he serves as the chairman elect of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches. Song has been exerting himself to the utmost on awakening the task of the Asian Theology. Song believes that Asian theologians are obligatory to articulate an Asian Christian theology whose God should be comprehended with ease by the Asian people in the Asian context. Song argues that the western God is distant from the Asian people.

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He received his Ph. Currently he serves as the chairman elect of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches. Song has been exerting himself to the utmost on awakening the task of the Asian Theology. Song believes that Asian theologians are obligatory to articulate an Asian Christian theology whose God should be comprehended with ease by the Asian people in the Asian context.

Song argues that the western God is distant from the Asian people. Christianity, imported into Asia from the West, is shaped and packed by the Western philosophy and culture.

Song has been struggling for the liberation from the dominant theology of the West even though he has been exposed in the Western theology throughout his entire theological training course. This God, then, will be perceived as a personal and a relational God by the Asian people.

Coe had been ceaselessly advocating the "contextualization of theology" in Taiwan for decades. Song, however, picks up Dr. For Song, the Asian people have been victimized by the Western industrialization and modernization. The technological and economic developments, imported by the Western colonialism, have brought the Western value system into Asia. Needless to say, this colonialism has transplanted the Western value system on the Asian soil, which in turn has substituted the original Asian value system Song , Hence, the triumph of the Western culture over the Asian culture has created an identity crisis for Asian Christians.

That is to say, Asian Christians may lose their cultural identity by immersing themselves in the Western values without awareness. Thus, one of the tasks for Asian Christians is to gain a new identity for the Asian people. Song believes that the theological task as such enables Christians "to penetrate the facade of religions and cultures and discover their place in the common humanity of the Asians" Although Song has been struggling for the liberation from the dominion of the Western theology, the Western theological views and values still underlie his theological construction.

Song argues that the "Asian experience" should be the source for constructing an Asian Christian theology. Christians in Asia should be trained to see Christ with their own experiences. Seeing Christ through the Asian cultural experience invokes the spirituality of the Asian people. Thus, doing theology with an Asian spirituality is doing theology with a "Third Eye" Song , In doing so Song juxtaposes Asian stories with biblical stories, and interpret the Asian stories in correspondence with Christian biblical messages.

The juxtaposition as such is the methodology for implementing the "contextualization of theology. To construct a Christian theology out of the Asian context is to "transpose" the biblical faith directly into the Asian world, as though St. Paul had transposed that faith from Palestine to the Greco-Roman world and eventually to Europe and the West Song , 7. Song uses the word "transposition" to characterize the task of the "contextualization of theology. By transposing the biblical faith directly from Palestine into the Asian world, Song argues that the Christian theology will become a theology from the "womb" of Asia.

For Song, this transposition makes the Christian theology become flesh in the reality of Asia. That is to say, God incarnates God-self among the Asian people and communicates with the Asian people in the Asian context. God is so vivid to the Asian people from this theological perspective.

Yet, theologians must use imagination to decode the Asian life and its reality because the theological imagination itself is able to cry out a powerful voice from the depth of the "Asian heart. As Song states, "if we want to engage ourselves in theological decoding of those codes, signs, and symbols. The theological imagination, in fact, is the power of theological imaging. God has giving us the power of theo-logical imaging" Thus, the Asian Christian theology must respond to people who suffer and render the hope for those people.

Creation and Redemption Song believes that creation and redemption should be treated as a whole. Song insists on the essential union of universal creation and redemption in Christ. For Song, there is an intrinsic relationship between creation and redemption. They are inseparable. God in Christ is creative and redemptive presence in all human history Song , That is to say, God becomes flesh in Asia.

This theology of incarnation also can be identified as his theology of culture. For Song, Christ plays a role of the "fulfiller" of culture, not always the "transformer" of the culture as identified in H. Song believes that the reality of revelation and salvation outside the Christian Church is possible. Yet, it is also true that this reality will be fulfilled in the universal presence of Christ in the Spirit.

Song asserts that Jesus Christ is the "decisive" revelation of God. Song would not use the term the "absolute," the "unique," or the "final" to describe the revelation of God in Jesus Christ Song , Jesus means crucified people. To say Jesus is to say suffering people" Song , Suffering under injustice is the living reality of the Asian people. God who suffers with people is the story of suffering. However, this God is not only a God of suffering but also a God of hope.

For Song, the powerlessness of Jesus has been transformed into the powerfulness of the Christ. Such a powerful God is able to liberate the people who suffer from the power of death. Having faith in this God reveals a hope for those people who suffer.

God has the power to transform suffering into hope. Song , Thus, for Song, the resurrection of Jesus brings the hope to the people and liberates them from suffering. A new life is given to the suffering people by the resurrection of Jesus. If we put this liberation into the political category, the liberation as such makes God a political God. Song believes that the political barbarism stands against God. Yet, how does Song define the political barbarism?

For Song, "oppressing the powerless and the defenseless is political barbarism" Needless to say, the oppression as such stands against God. The powerless and the defenseless are the people who suffer. Accordingly, God suffers with them, yet God also has the power to overcome the power of death.

In other words, God has the power to liberate the people from oppression. Thus, to be a Christian is to be a vanguard who has the courage to struggle for justice and freedom. As Song puts it, this redemptive love without strings attached is called compassion. This God is a God of compassion, who loves the world without any strings attached Song , Yet, for Song, compassion underlies a community. That is the reason why a community is called "community.

As Song puts it, "this togetherness makes a community a community" This compassionate God heals the broken humanity of a community, helps the people to struggle for the wholeness of humanity in the community. For Song, "human community and divine communion are interdependent" Christian Mission What, then, is the purpose of the Christian mission in the world?

During the past two centuries, the Christian mission in the world has been driven by the idea of the Western theology of mission. The goal of this mission is to convert non-Christians into Christianity. Song urges Christians in Asia to discard such theology of mission Song , God initiates the mission, not the church. In other words, God incarnates God-self in the suffering and hope of the people.

Jesus carried the cross of suffering and also carried the hope of the resurrection. Participation in suffering brings the hope to the people. By giving this hope, the Christian mission, therefore, has the power of its own to liberate people from injustice. It is apparent that Song does not set his goal of the Christian mission on converting non-Christian into Christianity. Rather, Song sets its goal on the political liberation.

Song also believes that God emptying God-self to redeem the world enacts the sacrament of the Last Supper. This sacramental concept of the Christian mission makes the world holy. The Christian mission is designated for Christians to suffer with the oppressed in struggling for justice and freedom. This vision of the mission grows out of the reality of the Asian people.

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Tautaur Michael rated it liked it Mar 29, This theology of incarnation also can be identified as his theology of culture. Writers, painters, chozn, artists, and indeed, people of all walks of life live by the telling of their stories. This vision of the mission grows out of the reality of the Asian people. For Song, the powerlessness of Jesus has been transformed into the powerfulness of the Christ.

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