BLISSYMBOLICS BOOK PDF

History[ edit ] Blissymbols was invented by Charles K. After the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in , Bliss, a Jew , was sent to the concentration camps of Dachau and Buchenwald. His German wife Claire managed to get him released, and they finally became exiles in Shanghai , where Bliss had a cousin. Bliss devised Blissymbols while a refugee at the Shanghai Ghetto and Sydney , from to He wanted to create an easy-to-learn international auxiliary language to allow communication between different linguistic communities.

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History[ edit ] Blissymbols was invented by Charles K. After the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in , Bliss, a Jew , was sent to the concentration camps of Dachau and Buchenwald. His German wife Claire managed to get him released, and they finally became exiles in Shanghai , where Bliss had a cousin. Bliss devised Blissymbols while a refugee at the Shanghai Ghetto and Sydney , from to He wanted to create an easy-to-learn international auxiliary language to allow communication between different linguistic communities.

He was inspired by Chinese characters , with which he became familiar at Shanghai. My friends argued that is customary to name new writing systems after the inventors Blissymbolics, or Blissymbols, or simply Bliss Bliss then adopted the name Blissymbolics in order that no researcher could plagiarize his system of symbols.

The ultimate objective of the OCCC program was to use Blissymbols as a practical way to teach the children to express themselves in their mother tongue, since the Blissymbols provided visual keys to understand the meaning of the English words, especially the abstract words. In his work Semantography Bliss had not provided a systematic set of definitions for his symbols there was a provisional vocabulary index instead [4] , pp.

For example, they might interpret a tomato as a vegetable —according to the English definition of tomato— even though the ideal Blissymbol of vegetable was restricted by Bliss to just vegetables growing underground. In spite of this, in Bliss granted an exclusive world license, for use with disabled children, to the new Blissymbolics Communication Foundation directed by Shirley McNaughton later called Blissymbolics Communication International, BCI.

Nevertheless, in Bliss claimed that this agreement was violated so that he was deprived of effective control of his symbol system.

Easter Seals, the charitable foundation Bliss spent the money on a big publication run of his own Blissymbols teaching manual. Practitioners of Blissymbolics that is, speech and language therapists and users maintain that some users who have learned to communicate with Blissymbolics find it easier to learn to read and write traditional orthography in the local spoken language than do users who did not know Blissymbolics.

So, whether Blissymbolics constitutes an unspoken language is a controversial question, whatever its practical utility may be. Some linguists, such as John DeFrancis [7] [8] and J. Marshall Unger [9] have argued that genuine ideographic writing systems with the same capacities as natural languages do not exist. It would contain small figures representing "visible things by their lines, and the invisible, by the visible which accompany them", as well as adding "certain additional marks, suitable to make understood the flexions and the particles.

Finally there is a strong influence by the work The Meaning of Meaning by C. Ogden and I. Richards , [11] which was considered a standard work on semantics. Bliss found especially useful their "triangle of reference": the physical thing or "referent" that we perceive would be represented at the right vertex; the meaning that we know by experience our implicit definition of the thing , at the top vertex; and the physical word that we speak or symbol we write, at the left vertex. The reversed process would happen when we read or listen to words: from the words, we recall meanings, related to referents which may be real things or unreal "fictions".

Bliss was particularly concerned with political propaganda, whose discourses would tend to contain words that correspond to unreal or ambiguous referents. Grammar[ edit ] The grammar of Blissymbols is based on a certain interpretation of nature, dividing it into matter material things , energy actions , and human values mental evaluations. In an ordinary language, these would give place respectively to substantives , verbs , and adjectives.

In Blissymbols, they are marked respectively by a small square symbol, a small cone symbol, and a small V or inverted cone. Matter is symbolised by a square to indicate that the structure of matter is not chaotic The symbol for energy indicates The symbol for human evaluation All words relating to things and actions refer to something real, which exists outside of our brain.

But human evaluations Examples[ edit ] The symbol above represents the expression "world language", which was a first tentative name for Blissymbols.

It combines the symbol for "writing tool" or "pen" a line inclined, as a pen being used with the symbol for "world", which in its turn combines "ground" or "earth" a horizontal line below and its counterpart derivate "sky" a horizontal line above. Thus the world would be seen as "what is among the ground and the sky", and "Blissymbols" would be seen as "the writing tool to express the world". This is clearly distinct from the symbol of "language", which is a combination of "mouth" and "ear".

Thus natural languages are mainly oral, while Blissymbols is just a writing system dealing with semantics, not phonetics. The individual symbols of the system are called "Bliss-characters"; these may be " ideographic " — representing abstract concepts, " pictographic " — a direct representation of objects, or "composite" — in which two or more existing Bliss-characters have been superimposed to represent a new meaning. Size, orientation and relation to the "skyline" and "earthline" affects the meaning of each symbol.

In the case of multiple character Bliss-words, the main character is called the "classifier" which "indicates the semantic or grammatical category to which the Bliss-word belongs". To this can be added Bliss-characters as prefixes or suffixes called "modifiers" which amend the meaning of the first symbol.

Using the number 2 would give the symbol for singular "You"; adding the plural indicator a small cross at the top would produce the pronouns "We" and plural "You". The Bliss-word for "to want" contains the heart which symbolizes "feeling" the classifier , plus the serpentine line which symbolizes "fire" the modifier , and the verb called "action" indicator at the top. The Bliss-word for "to go" is composed of the Bliss-character for "leg" and the verb indicator.

The Bliss-word for "theatre" is composed of the Bliss-character for "house" the classifier , and "film" the modifier ; "film" is a composite character composed of "camera" and the arrow indicating movement. Towards the international standardization of the script[ edit ].

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Blissymbols

Portal List of constructed languages List of language creators. They do sort of make sense, in a way. He got the idea to make a 20th century ideographic language that could be produced with a modified typewriter. Blissymbols was invented by Charles K. Help us to spread knowledge about, and use of, the fascinating language tool of Blissymbolics. Blssymbolics you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donationor by contributing in other ways.

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