Najznaajnije prednosti velikih preduzea nastaju usled ekonomije veliine, koja se ispoljava u pozitivnim efektima, pre svega smanjenju prosenih trokova usled veliine preduzea. Preduzee posluje sa minimalnim trokovima po jedinici proizvoda. Izvori ekonomije veliini su: korienje opreme velikih kapaciteta, prednosti na tritu, prednosti u finansiranju, upravljanju.. Prvi izvor ekonomije veliine je tehnika ekonomija, koja nastaje kao posledica boljeg odnosa izmeu sticanja opreme i njenog korienja. Tehnike ekonomije smanjuju trokove preduzea. Efekat korienja sredstava velikih kapaciteta tehnika ekonomija je posledica neproporcionalnosti izmeu trokova nabavke sredstava, i trokova proizvodnje koji nastaju korienjem tih sredstava.
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Akinolrajas In a recent empirical study Eichengreen et al. In parallel, immediately start to remove the five obvious constraints to growth we identified in September:. Second, the production of innovation ideas is faced with increasing returns to scale since they are expensive to produce and very cheap almost costless to reproduce.
Put kmjiga on quality intermediate tertiary technical training in ICT and modern business services. Recently signed patent agreements may change that, but the impact is not yet reflected in the data. Your email rpeduzeca will not be published. Results from a background study using firm level data for the Western Balkans see 29 indicate that: Overall, Serbia ranked no. The initial set of regional initiatives includes: Sustained economic recovery started a decade later, after democratic changes in October The six elements highlight an ominous vicious circle: GDP decline and recovery in a subset of comparator countries, This changed with endogenous growth models.
The global crisis caused a 3. Second, preduzecz puts pressure on the balance of payments and makes it more difficult to finance the savings-investment gap. The study shows that the main cause of growth slowdowns can be attributed to slower productivity growth: Enhance support for innovation capacity as a basis for job creation and growth by promoting: The Global Innovation Index Serbia Research and Innovation performance — successful learner. Serbia has moved to improve conditions for technology transfer from research institutes and universities.
At present, collaboration happens mainly at the individual level, driven by occasionalopportunities and short-term objectives. Further setback was caused by a weak post-crisis recovery in and the effects of a double-dip recession which produced another 0. The reality shows a variety of different growth patterns. With IMF money and conditionality out of the way, Serbia can focus on longer-term challenges and tasks at hand. Adopt a coherent set of policies that would avoid further sliding into the Middle Income Growth Trap.
Control and scale down expensive, large and intrusive state. Innovation outputs are evaluated based on: What are the solutions? Make a massive effort to better train the labor force and lreduzeca educate youth. Unfortunately that did not happen. The root cause of growth slowdowns is failure to shift growth strategies after reaching middle-income status. There is little doubt that inventions and innovations were at the heart of modern economic growth.
Serbian growth is slowing down and medium term prospects do not look good. The supply of risk capital in the early stages of enterprise development is still at an early stage. Highly mobile researchers continue to emigrate in search of jobs and career prospects.
Strategies that helped during the low-income stage soon become a constraint at the middle-income level. In a way, this is better. Related Articles
Your email address will not be published. The supply of risk capital in the early stages of enterprise development is still at preduzecw early stage. Second, it puts pressure on the balance of payments and makes it more difficult to finance the savings-investment gap. Strategies preduzecs helped during the low-income stage soon become a constraint at the middle-income level. In a recent empirical study Eichengreen et al. Stop crowding out the private sector from the financial and labor markets.
EKONOMIKA PREDUZECA KNJIGA PDF